Spinal Cord Injury – “Paraplegia”

Paraplegia, a spinal cord injury, causes the lower part of the body to become paralyzed. It occurs as a result of severe damage to the spinal cord and nervous system. Paraplegia primarily affects the lower back, legs, and pelvic area, resulting in the victim not being able to walk.

The spinal cord carries the message of the brain to other parts of the body. In this case, any kind of injury to the spinal cord, i.e. the spinal card injury is considered very serious for the whole body. Due to this, the activities of the body may be affected and paralysis can be seen. Treatment of damaged spinal cord from physiotherapy to surgery was attempted but, in most cases, it was not possible for the victim to lead a normal life. Now the latest treatments such as stem cell therapy have shown a new ray of hope to people struggling with spinal cord injury. 

What is paraplegia?

Paraplegia, a spinal cord injury, causes the lower part of the body to become paralyzed. It occurs as a result of severe damage to the spinal cord and nervous system. Paraplegia primarily affects the lower back, legs, and pelvic area, resulting in the victim not being able to walk. It has two main categories – Complete and Incomplete. Complete paraplegia occurs when the injury affects the patient at the neurological level and the movement of the feet is affected, whereas in cases of incomplete paraplegia, the movement of the feet is not completely affected. The reasons for this can be such as accidents, serious injury to the spinal cord, motor neuron disease, cancerous cellular growth in the spinal cord, tumor or blood clotting, spinal Bifida, a chronic disease, alcoholism, addiction, cancer, etc.

What are the symptoms of spinal cord injury? 

Doctors state that the symptoms depend on where the spinal cord is damaged and how deep the injury is, but one or more of the following symptoms may occur if the spinal cord is damaged. Some symptoms may also arise in the patient, such as muscle weakness, loss of movement in the legs, hands and chest muscles, difficulty in breathing, in addition to no movement in the legs, arms, and chest, excretion of faeces and urine. Impaired ability to control, walk and feel the activities of extreme pain in the lower back, legs and pelvic area, feeling hot, cold and touchy. It is difficult for the body to maintain normal blood pressure. Symptoms like numbness and paralysis may also appear a few weeks or months after the above symptoms.

Treatment

Unfortunately, there is no treatment available to fully cure the damage to the spinal cord, but continuous research is being done to discover new treatments, including prostheses and medicines. These extend the life of nerve cells or improve the functioning of nerves. In the treatment of spinal cord injury, care is also taken that it does not cause further damage, but now it is being treated with the help of stem cells. In fact, stem cells are related to life and as long as it is made, only life lasts. By replacing the diseased and damaged cells of the body, these stem cells infuse new life into them. This cell therapy can be called a group of new technologies.

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